The blend of Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience
The brain commands the activities that we perform and we generate the code for the machines to make them perform those activities that we want. What if we connect our brains with the working of the machines and make them work as per our thinking? This is what the fusion of artificial intelligence and neuroscience brings into action.
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The field of medical science is evolving rapidly. Each day and each emerging technology makes an impact in this field. The only aim of this involvement of upgrading technologies is to make the procedure effective, efficient, more safe, time-saving, and accurate. For this reason, various new models and techniques have been implemented to understand the human body in a much better way.
Along with the understanding of the human body, there is the need for providing the best possible treatment and alternatives to aid the pain and loss of any functional part. We all are aware of various medical conditions faced by humans. It includes suffering from a specific disease like cancer, tumor, diabetes, etc., or the failure of any organ which includes kidney failure, liver failure, heart failure, dysfunctioning of any particular organ, or any other thing.
These situations require transplantation of the affected organs on time to save lives but various organs can’t be transplanted. It includes limbs, i.e., arms, legs, etc. So what to do? This is answered by the technological rise – Artificial Intelligence. Ranging from providing various techniques in medical science to providing various equipment, artificial intelligence has evolved the field of health care.
This development wasn’t a one day contract. It took time and with each increasing step and advancement, it rosed to such great heights. This journey implemented methods for heart transplantation, kidney transplantation, etc. with the help of machine learning. And now, with the flavor of artificial intelligence and neuroscience, it is pacing towards providing a new ray of life to the needy.
Insight Into Neuroscience
Neural Science revolves around the study of the nervous system. It involves the study of the human brain, i.e, how it commands and reacts to stimuli. It is widely categorized into various parts depending on the type of action the brain takes and depending on the reason behind it.
It is classified into Affective neuroscience, Behavioral neuroscience, Cellular neuroscience, Clinical neuroscience, Cognitive neuroscience, Cultural neuroscience, Developmental neuroscience, Molecular neuroscience, Neuroengineering, Neuroimaging, Neuroinformatics, Neurolinguistics, Neurophysiology, Paleoneurology, Social neuroscience, and Systems neuroscience.
In combination with artificial intelligence, this field can perform various miracles. Once we study the patterns and trends of human brains then this information can be used in the development of various medical techniques and equipment that could benefit the human race.
The rising Artificial Intelligence
As we all know, that artificial intelligence deals with the training of machines to work, think, act, and decide like humans. It aims at the transformation of machines to be dynamic and more reasonable. The main motive of artificial intelligence is to provide brains to the computer.
Once this is achieved, then it can regulate and improve various fields. The medical field is one of the crucial and important sectors that need high attention. There are various things where the blend of artificial intelligence and neuroscience can invent those things that are highly required.
We know that machines have a high computational power and provide accurate results than humans. Also, apart from the medical sector, there are various other fields where the combination of artificial intelligence and neuroscience has done a remarkable job. It includes Tesla’s self-driving car, detection of breast cancer, various high-tech video games, and much more.
Remarkable Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience
There is a wide range of applications of artificial intelligence and neuroscience. These have covered many sectors ranging from health care to the gaming industry, robotics to the automobile industry. With the pacing development, there is a need for automation. But the other major requirement is that the automation should be according to our convenience.
This convenience differs from individual to individual. Hence, to satisfy billions of minds, artificial intelligence along with neuroscience is there to provide a solution.
Most of you might be aware of Tesla’s self-driving car. Right! It uses cameras, an auto-pilot option, various sensors to interpret the surroundings. This requires the involvement of various circuitry. Wouldn’t it be fascinating, if the car would drive itself just based on the command given by your brain?
Imagine that scenario, you are watching your environment and you are aware of the traffic and the passers-by. All you need to do is think of the action, i.e., your brain will work and decide what to do and these signals would be passed as input. Depending on the neural signals received, our call will drive automatically.
This is just a basic example. The other more fascinating and demanding application is the virtual reality video games. We all know that with the involvement of deep learning, neural networks, machine learning, and various other technologies there is a high demand for high-tech gadgets. The video game is one on that list.
The gaming industry requires the development of such a video game that would use virtual reality and augmented reality to make an environment where the bots would be controlled by the brain signals of the human playing the game. Though this sounds quite interesting, its actual implementation requires lots of effort.
The other application in the medical field is a great achievement, ie., prosthetic legs and arms. This invention has provided a new life to various humans. There was a time when humans with no legs or arms found themselves incapable of living like normal humans. But now, they can walk, hold things, and live like normal humans. Isn’t it amazing?
The flavor of neuroscience in this is the new advancement, ie., the artificial limbs would work like normal limbs depending on the brain signals. This means that the prosthetic limbs are totally under the control of humans and they function like real ones. This is a miracle in the health care sector.
How can one forget the most marvelous creation brought by artificial intelligence, deep learning, machine learning, neural networks, neuroscience, and other technologies? This is the most famous robot – Sophia! It can communicate using facial expressions which means that it recognizes emotions and can also use them to some extent.
This had put a new benchmark in this domain. It is one of the most powerful products of artificial intelligence.
There can be various other automated things that will transform into a masterpiece with the involvement of neuroscience. It can be an automated home. The doors, windows, etc. will close and open depending on the command given by the human brain. In this way, we can perform various tasks just by brain signals, i.e., no physical work required.
Though this may sound like we are making ourselves a slave of technology or it will deteriorate our physical health if we will only sit at one place and do nothing but on a long term, if used properly, then these two technologies, along with the combination of machine learning, deep learning, convolutional neural networks, etc., can transform this era.
It can nourish various disabled lives with new hope, transform the gaming industry, boost virtual reality, and do much more.
With the development of automated toolkits, cars, prosthetic limbs, virtual games, homes, and many other machines, the technical domain is revolutionizing. The day is near when we will just think and in a few seconds, the work would be done. This all will come true in the coming years and its base has already been laid by artificial intelligence and neuroscience.
The two names are like the two sides of a coin. The concept of artificial intelligence has emerged from the roots of neuroscience only. It was when the scientists and researchers were in a great curiosity of studying the human brains to know the patterns and trends that it follows.
Later, they would use their observations to deploy machines that would have brains, i.e., they would work and take decisions like humans. At the start, this concept wasn’t supported but now high research and study are going on this topic. This marks the commencement of a new technical world where things and services would be more sophisticated, efficient and, effective. And that would mark the achievements that we have made.
With highly accurate predictions, high computational power, effective signal transmission, and other properties, the models created with the use of artificial intelligence and neuroscience have a vast scope in the future.
The studies that are done by the researchers show that there is a tremendous need for such applications. It will create a highly fascinating environment and the services would be awesome. It will positively impact all the industries and will pace the development.
The deep reinforcement techniques involved in these models and techniques would make them suitable for future use and can be modified as per the requirements. Though currently there are several limitations, with proper training datasets and algorithms, this hurdle can be crossed.
There is an intrinsic relationship between artificial intelligence and neuroscience which will lead to various biggest inventions.
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